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Paul Winters Invitational

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Paul Winters & Pat Kennedy Invitational Schedule

2021 Schedule of Events (all times PST)


NFA LD Debate

FRIDAY, Nov. 5, ‘21

11:30-12:15 Registration

12:30-1:45 LD Round 1

1:45-3:00 LD Round 2

3:15-4:30 LD Round 3

5:30-6:45 LD Round 4

7:00-8:15 LD Round 5


SATURDAY, Nov. 6, ‘21

11:30 AM LD ELIM 1

2:25 PM LD ELIM 2

5:20 PM LD ELIM 3

8:15 PM LD ELIM 4







NPDA Debate

SATURDAY, Nov. 6, ‘21

7:45-8:10 Registration

8:15 AM Topic Announce for Rounds 1 & 2

9:00 AM NPDA Round 1

10:10 AM NPDA Round 2

12:45 PM Topic Announce

1:10 PM NPDA Round 3

3:40 PM Topic Announce

4:05 PM NPDA Round 4

6:35 PM Topic Announce

7:00 PM NPDA Round 5


SUNDAY, Nov. 7, ‘21

9:00 AM Topic Announce


10:45 AM Topic Announce

11:10 AM NPDA ELIM 2

1:15 PM Topic Announce


3:00 PM Topic Announce


4:55 PM Topic Announce





SUNDAY, Nov. 7, ‘21

8:00 AM Extemp Prep

8:15 AM Pattern A1/IPDA 1

10:00 AM Extemp Prep

10:15 AM Pattern A2/IPDA 2

12:30 PM Pattern B1/IPDA 3

2:15 PM Patten B2/IPDA 4

3:45 PM Extemp Prep

4:00 PM Pattern A Finals & All Semifinals/IPDA Bronze
5:45 PM Pattern B & All remaining finals/IPDA Gold/Silver
















Mustang Invitational Schedule


Friday Nov. 5, 2021

8:15-9:00 AM Registration

9:00 AM Extemp Prep

9:15 PM Pattern A Round 1

10:30 AM Pattern B Round 1

11:30 AM Extemp Prep

11:45 AM Pattern A Round 2

1:00-2:00 PM LUNCH

2:00 PM Pattern B Round 2

3:00 PM Extemp Prep

3:15 PM Pattern A Finals and all Semifinals

4:30 PM Pattern B Finals

Awards ASAP



Pacific Meets the Delta Swing

University of the Pacific and San Joaquin Delta College

Nov. 5-7, 2020



Pacific's COVID-19 health and safety plan is based upon the current guidance issued by the California Occupational Health and Safety Administration (Cal/OSHA), State of California Department of Public Health and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). More information about Pacific’s guidelines can be accessed here: https://www.pacific.edu/covid-19-update

  1. All participants, guests will need to wear masks indoors at all times and provide proof of vaccine or negative test within 24-48 hours of the competition.   
  2. Pacific will provide staff, in conjunction with our Covid Committee guidelines, to do intake of information on the day of registration and develop a process regarding folks that show up without providing proof of the vaccine/negative test.

We will also be utilizing guidelines provided by the CDC and California which can be found here: https://www.cdph.ca.gov/Programs/CID/DCDC/Pages/COVID-19/K-12-Guidance-2021-22-School-Year.aspx#:~:text=In%20California%2C%20the%20surest%20path,the%20community%3B%20universal%20masking%20in





Tournament Rules – AFA, NFA, and NPDA regulations will govern their respective divisions, unless specified elsewhere in this invitation. Hybrid teams and three person teams may compete (although only two debaters may speak in a given round). Only NFA L/D debaters may compete without a partner.


Competitor Eligibility - Any undergraduate in a two-year or four-year college or university carrying 6 or more units is eligible. No person who has competed for 10 or more semesters or has competed at a collegiate national tournament in 5 different years may compete. UOP and San Joaquin Delta College students may participate but will not accrue sweepstakes points.



Both tournaments will exclusively use Speechwire.com. Entries must be completed by the following deadlines: Wednesday, Nov. 5, 2021 by 8:00 PM PST. Drops and name changes (but no adds) can be made until Thursday, November 5 at 12:00 pm. ALL Fees (judging and entry) will accrue as of Thursday at 12 noon. Both tournament directors reserve the right to refuse adds, name changes, and/or assess nuisance fees after this date and time.



- Students may enter in NFA-LD & NPDA, NFA-LD & IEs/IPDA, or NFA-LD & NPDA.

- Students may conditionally enter in NFA-LD, NPDA, & IEs/IPDA however if students break in NPDA, they must be dropped from IEs/IPDA.

- Students may enter in no more than 3 events per pattern of IEs OR one IE event and IPDA debate.


IE ENTRY CHANGES AFTER POSTINGS HAVE BEEN MADE: We all make mistakes. However, if you do not catch the mistake BEFORE 8 pm on SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 6, the changes will NOT BE MADE. You may drop the competitor, but no changes in events or Adds to events will be accepted. It only creates errors and delays the tournament. REMEMBER FEES (Judging & Entry) ACCRUE ON THURSDAY!





Students MAY NOT enter more than THREE events per pattern. It is the sole responsibility of competitors to ensure they arrive to each round on time. Failure to do so will result in a no-show score for that round. The following events will be offered in Novice and Open division:

Pattern A – Extemporaneous Speaking, Informative Speaking, After Dinner Speaking, Prose Interpretation and Poetry Interpretation.

Pattern B – Impromptu Speaking, Persuasive Speaking, Communication Analysis, Duo Interpretation, Dramatic Interpretation, and Programmed Oral Interpretation.



Eligibility Rules - Open Division is available to all eligible students, regardless of experience. Students are novices in individual events when they:

1. are in their first year (defined as two semesters) of collegiate individual event competition and

2. have not placed third or higher in a similar event two or more times in any division.

3. have limited high school experience. Directors should use discretion regarding appropriate divisions.


Novice division student whose success at the Mustang Invitational causes them to meet Open division standards do not lose their novice eligibility for the Paul Winters Invitational.


Collapsing Divisions – Every effort will be made to protect novice competitors. However, if there are fewer than seven (7) entries in an event, it may be collapsed into the next highest division. If this occurs, top novices will be recognized at the Awards Ceremony.



Criteria for Elimination Round - Any event with less than 7 contestants will not have a final round (judges permitting we will attempt to provide three judges for the round in preliminary rounds). For events with 7 to 29 competitors competing in all preliminary rounds, a final round will be held. In events where more than 30 students compete in all preliminary rounds, semifinals will be offered. This rule is NOT applied to the Mustang Invitational. Events that break to an elimination round at the Mustang Invitational will go directly to finals.


Advancement to Elimination Rounds – No more than half of the field will be advanced to finals. Students will be rank ordered first by lowest cumulative rankings, then by the highest reciprocal score (a.k.a. decimal conversion) and finally by the highest cumulative ratings. In larger events, preference will be given to clean breaks versus larger numbers in elims.


Placement/Advancement in Elimination Rounds - Students will be rank ordered first by lowest cumulative rankings, then by judge’s preference, followed by the highest reciprocal score (a.k.a. decimal conversion) and finally by the highest cumulative ratings.






The tournament will exclusively use http://www.speechwire.com. Coaches should ensure the email entered for students matches the students speechwire account.



  1. Put full name and indicate what you intend for them to cover.
  2. Provide email and phone number for each judge
  3. One judge can cover up to 6 individual event or Duo slots per conflict pattern.
  4. Also, indicate the events and days they can judge, and be sure to note any conflicts of interest or preferred divisions.

Example judge entries:

1) J. Doe, jdoe@gmail.com, 209-867-5309, IE's, Available Friday (Prelims), Prefers Open.


Double check that you receive entry confirmation and that you know if your "stand-by" entries are in.


NOTE- The tournament will be hiring judges for the weekend and may use qualified college students to judge speaking and/or debate events (qualifications pending). However, we would prefer schools cover their judging to minimize the amount of hiring and to keep fees low. We have tried to lower fees to accommodate schools and difficult moments for budget; however, the amount of uncovered fees has been increased to accommodate hired judging.



  • All participants are required to use the appropriate naming convention within the online competition platform. Participants will change their name to their code - first name -pronouns (optional). Judges will change their name to judge - first name – pronouns (optional). Any participant failing to use the appropriate naming convention will be removed from the competition space by tournament officials.
    • Example: judge - angelique - she/her.
  • Competitors may not use green screens, virtual backdrops, on-screen text, or professional equipment enhancements such as professional lighting kits or professional grade camera recording and audio devices during their performance in any event. Professional equipment includes items like softboxes or an auditorium’s lighting system; use of these items is not permitted. Backdrops of a solid color with no special markings may be used by competitors and judges. VIRTUAL VISUAL AIDS WILL BE ALLOWED.
  • Virtual in-round observers will be permitted for elimination rounds so long as competitors in the round are comfortable and the technology allows for observers. Because the tournament is only accessible via login information received by tournament competitors and judges. Any unauthorized persons will be immediately removed from that competition room by tournament officials. Tournament officials will make provisions for observers to watch late elimination rounds.
  • Competitors may determine how close or distant the camera is set up in order to maximize both verbal and nonverbal communication. The camera being used must remain stationary throughout the entire performance, and no zooming or panning is permitted.





Paradigm – NFA L/D Debate is a communication event that is debated in a stock issues paradigm. In deference to the intent of the event, we ask that all competitors and critics are mindful of these rules. Complete rules can be found on the NFA webpage (http://www.nationalforensics.org).


Disclosure - Please help us keep on schedule. Following the return of the ballot, critics may disclose as much information as they see fit. Delays caused by coaches/judges may, at the tournament director’s discretion, result in penalties to that school’s teams including removal from the tournament.


Philosophies & Strikes: When possible, strikes will be allotted but it will be determined based on the size of the judge pool and not necessarily guaranteed. Judging Philosophies need to be submitted to sfarias@pacific.edu no later than Wednesday, Nov. 3, 2021 (Links will suffice in the email if you cannot copy and paste). Schools not turning in philosophies by that time will not be allowed to enter strikes. Strikes for OPEN DIVISION TEAMS ONLY will be due no later than Friday, November 5, at 6:00 pm. Strikes will be entered electronically. Philosophies should not be entered with the conflicts/availability information. LD competitors will be provided with 2 strikes per student.



Preliminary Rounds - The computer will randomly match Round 1& 2. Rounds 3, 4 and 5 will be paired high-low within win-loss brackets based upon the results of all previous rounds. Lag powering may be employed, if necessary, to keep the tournament on schedule.


Elimination Rounds - Seeding in elimination rounds will be based first upon wins, followed by opposition record, then by total speaker points, then adjusted speaker points (dropping simply the lows), and finally judge variance (Z-Score). In elimination rounds, brackets will NOT be broken (as per NFA practice). A partial elimination round will be held, as necessary.


Forfeit Rule – Debaters will be forfeited if they fail to arrive at their competition room more than 10 minutes after the round was scheduled to start.




Five preliminary rounds of parliamentary debate will be offered followed by necessary elimination rounds in all divisions. Competition will be administered according to the NPDA rules of Judging and Debating.  



Provided that there are at least 18 entrants per division, Novice, Junior and Senior divisions will be offered. Division rules will follow NPDA guidelines. Eligibility is determined based upon the most experienced partner. For collegiate eligibility:


To be eligible for Novice: The student should have no more than two semesters of high school debate experience. The student should be in the first two semesters of collegiate debate. Once the student has won six elimination rounds (including byes), they are no longer eligible for the Novice division.


To be eligible in Junior: The student should be in the first four semesters of intercollegiate debate. Once the student has won six elimination rounds (including byes) in Junior or Open, they are no longer eligible for the Junior division.


Eligibility violations will result in the removal of the team from the tournament and forfeit wins awarded to any opponents in rounds taking place prior to the removal of the team. In the event of conflict, the resolution AS ANNOUNCED BY THE TD takes precedence over anything posted electronically.



Topic Areas: At this year’s NPDA tournament, there will be a topic area from which all potential resolutions will be crafted. A more detailed set of information will be provided NO LATER than two weeks prior to the tournament start. This year’s topic area shall be- Equity, Accountability, and Abolitionist Democracy in United States foreign and domestic policy.


More information is available here: https://www.justsecurity.org/74877/how-domestic-civic-movements-could-reshape-us-foreign-policy/


Philosophies & Strikes: When possible, strikes will be allotted but it will be determined based on the size of the judge pool and not necessarily guaranteed. Judging Philosophies need to be submitted to sfarias@pacific.edu no later than Wednesday, Nov. 3, 2021 (Links will suffice in the email if you cannot copy and paste). Schools not turning in philosophies by that time will not be allowed to enter strikes. Strikes for OPEN DIVISION TEAMS ONLY will be due no later than Friday, November 5, at 6:00 pm. Strikes will be entered electronically. Philosophies should not be entered with the conflicts/availability information.


Disclosure - Please help us keep on schedule. Following the return of the ELECTRONIC ballot, critics may disclose as much information as they see fit. Delays attributed to coach/judges may, at the tournament director’s discretion, result in penalties to that school’s teams including removal from the tournament.


Preliminary Rounds – Power-matching for all preliminary rounds will be high-low in win-loss brackets. The computer will randomly match Rounds 1 and 2 which will debate THE SAME TOPIC BACK TO BACK. Rounds 3 through 5 will be power-matched (high-low within win-loss brackets) based upon the results of all previous rounds. The tournament, in extreme cases, reserves the right to lag power.


Elimination Rounds - Advancement to and seeding in elimination rounds will be first based upon wins, followed opposition record, next adjusted speaker points (drop low), then total speaker points, and finally by judge variance. In elimination rounds, brackets WILL be broken. Partial elimination rounds will be held, as necessary. The number of teams advancing to elimination rounds will be dictated by NPDA’s guidelines regarding appropriate breaks.


PREPARATION AND TRANSIT TIME - PREP TIME IS A TOTAL OF 25 minutes! This timing schedule includes potential issues not being able to locate buildings, walking, and any other issues. More guidelines are listed below about issues with technology. It is the responsibility of each team to arrive in the room on-time.


PENALTIES FOR LATENESS – At the expiration of preparation time, the judge will begin a timer. The team(s) who is/are not present will have the total of that time deducted from the speaking time of their first speech. If the late team(s) is/are not present by the expiration of their first speech’s total time, they will receive a forfeit with zero speaker points. If neither team is present by 8:00 after prep time has expired, both shall be forfeited and both teams shall receive 0 speaker points.


Refusal by a judge to do this will result in the removal of the judge from the judging pool and an uncovered judge fee will be assessed to the team who the judge is representing. NOTE: The judge does NOT have discretion about whether to enforce this rule and their decision may be overturned by the Tournament Director if they refuse to enforce it. If a judge refuses to enforce this rule, the affected team should contact the tab room immediately. Furthermore, judges are also bound by the prep clock and must arrive at their debates on time. This means that judges must also walk during prep time and must NOT continue to prep until the end of prep time and then walk to their round. Debaters shall be afforded the opportunity to inform the tab room of judges who are late to their rounds. The Tournament Director shall have the discretion of imposing penalties, equivalent to those imposed for a missed round, for lateness.



Eligibility Differences

IPDA Debaters must meet the IPDA eligibility standards published on their homepage for the various divisions. Novices are allowed to be in 8 or fewer tournaments including this one and also including their high school experience. Juniors may have competed in up to 16 tournaments including this one and high school competition. Senior division are for those with a desire to go senior, or who must move up due to 16 prior tournaments. This means all formats of debate, not just IPDA. And any college student enrolled in a degree may compete.


Judging Differences

IPDA could be judged by any critic regardless of experience or credential. Some IPDA critics may have little to no experience, so debaters should thoroughly explain concepts and weigh impacts in the round.


Stylistic Differences

Cleaner, clearer speaking styles seem to work better than quicker, tech or higher speed styles for many IPDA judges. Avoid gamey, techy tactics. Kritiks, Topical Counterplans, etc. . . are frowned on by the IPDA community, and some regulations. Please review their homepage.


Time differences

No additional prep time is allocated beyond the 30 minutes of prep following reading of the topic, which by the way is negotiated by the debaters as each can strike two of the

five resolutions provided per round. Judges should factor time violations into their decision calculations.


IPDA Times shown below:

5 minute First Affirmative

2 Cross Examination

6 minute First Negative

2 Cross Examination

3 minute Affirmative Rebuttal

5 minute Negative Rebuttal

3 minute Affirmative Summary.





You must have TWO checks (or online payments)—one payment for the Mustang Invitational made out to San Joaquin Delta College and one payment for the Paul Winters & Pat Kennedy Inivational  made out to Pacific Forensics. Fees will be assessed at noon on Thursday, Nov 5, 2020. Because we need to finalize our trophy order, we cannot accommodate last minute reductions in fees. The following fees will be assessed:



Mustang Invitational

  • $30 per institution (for administrative costs)
  • $10.00/Individual Events slot

Paul Winters Invitational

  • $30 per institution (for administrative costs)
  • $10.00/Individual Events slot
  • $25.00/NFA LD & IPDA Debate slot.
  • $50.00/ NPDA debate team.


Uncovered Fees –

Uncovered judge fees will be assessed on the following basis (on top of standard fees):

  • $20.00 per I.E. slot.
  • $50 per IPDA Slot
  • $100.00 per L/D Debate slot.
  • $150.00 per Debate team



Teams expecting that fees may result in a financial hardship to their team should email tournament directors to discuss fee waivers. Waivers between 50-100% will be made available where possible and necessary to ensure equitable access.



Payment should be completed no later than the end of competition on the first day of YOUR involvement in the tournament (e.g., if your school is competing in LD or at the Mustang Invitational, payment is due no later than the end of Friday. If you are competing in NPDA, then your payment is due no later than the end of Saturday. If only in IEs on Sunday, then by end of Sunday). We will accept payment all the way until Sunday and past the tournament with advanced notice. Unfortunately, we cannot bill you. Purchase orders are NOT acceptable. WE CAN accept payment via credit card and before the tournament via a stable link that will be posted on Speechwire.com



Commitment –

Synchronous IEs- One judge can cover up to six IE slots.

IEs/IPDA- One judge can cover up to 6 IE spots or IPDA in a pattern

Debate- One judge covers 2 entries in debate. Judges can cover BOTH LD and NPDA. However, NPDA judges cover half commitments in IEs/NPDA.


Because of the nature of a tournament, we will attempt to honor half-commitments, but cannot guarantee it; especially when schools bring novice/junior only judges.


Debate judges are needed through the first TWO elimination rounds and one round beyond their team’s/debater’s elimination. An I.E. judge is committed through finals. Meeting this commitment is essential for this tournament.


Available Judges – We will be working with Hired Judge and can work to charge your school for full time judges for the days we will need judges. We will pay $120 per day to hired judges and no more than $360 for the entire weekend (meaning your judge is available to judge synchronous IEs on Friday, LD Debate, NPDA Debates, and IE/IPDA events).




Individual Events – First through third place receive handsome trophies while all other finalists receive finalist award paperweights. NFA L/D debaters advancing to an elimination round will receive awards and we will recognize the top 5 speakers in each division of debate.

NPDA Debate – Each debate team advancing to an elimination round will receive an award. In NPDA debate, the top ten speakers in each division will receive speaker awards. Speaker awards will be determined by: 1. Adjusted points (drop low), 2. total points; 3. Twice adjusted points (drop hi-lo); 4. judge variance (Z-score); 5. Random



Individual Events - Sweepstakes points will be issued to all participants in semifinals and finals based on the following scale. No points will be given for preliminary rounds.

1st Place          2nd Place         3rd Place         Finalist             Semifinalist

10 points        7 points          5 points          3 points          1 point


Parliamentary and L/D

• 3 points will be given for each preliminary round win IF the team has a 50% or better preliminary round win/loss record. Teams with less than a 50% record will receive no preliminary round points.

• 3 points will be given to each team/individual that reaches the elimination rounds.

  • 1 point will be given to each team/individual who wins a debate in a full-elimination round


Equalization of Debate and Individual Events - For team sweepstakes for the Paul Winters & Pat Kennedy Invitational, debate and individual events will be equalized. This equalization is achieved by the use of percentiles. All sweepstakes points earned by all debate teams are summed. The points earned by each squad are divided by the total number of points earned in debate in order to determine what percentage of all debate points were earned by the team. Similarly, all sweepstakes points earned by all individual events competitors (LD is considered an IE) are summed. A similar percentile score is calculated in individual events for each squad.


The two percentile scores for a school (debate and IE) are added together in order to determine an equalized aggregate sweepstakes score. Assuming a school earned all of the possible sweepstakes points in the tournament (a mathematical impossibility), the maximum score they could earn would be 200 points (100% for debate, and 100% for IE). For swing sweepstakes, individual events points from both tournaments are pooled to determine the IE percentiles.


Small School Status - Team entries are aggregated with an NPDA team being the equivalent of 2 IE slots, and an NFA-LD entry being the equivalent of 1.5 IE slots. After ranking the entries of the teams entered in the pool, the bottom 1/3 of entries are classified as small schools.


Individual Events Sweepstakes - Awards will be presented to the top five open division individual events competitors ACROSS THE SWING. Competitors must be competing in at least five individual events ACROSS THE SWING. The school formula noted above will be used for the allocation of points. For the purposes of this award, Open Lincoln-Douglas will count as 2 events.


Tournament School Awards –Tournament School Awards –The top three 4-year and the top three 2-year schools for overall tournament sweepstakes awards will be presented for the Mustang Invitational and Paul Winters Invitational. Additionally, we will recognize the top three small schools in overall sweepstakes at the Paul Winters Invitational.


Swing School Awards – The Swing will be divided into two equal parts – debate and individual events. Each school’s points will be calculated as a percentage of the total points earned by all schools in each portion of the tournament. The percentage scores for both halves will be added together to determine rankings for each school. NFA L/D debate contributes to the IE portion of the tournament. Awards will be presented to the top three two-year and four-year school, respectively as well as three Small School sweepstakes awards. Schools who are the in the lower 1/3 of aggregate entries are considered small schools. An NPDA debate team will count as 2 IE slots and an NFA L/D debater counts for 1.5 slots.



Manager contact information

Steven Kalani Farias
Email address: sfarias@pacific.edu
Phone number: 2094716470

Mailing address

3601 Pacific Ave
Communication Department
Stockton, CA 95211

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